Opisthokont

6 Maret 2010 pukul 03:23 | Ditulis dalam Uncategorized | Tinggalkan komentar
The opisthokonts (Greek: ὀπίσθω- (opisthō-) = “rear, posterior” + κοντός (kontos) = “pole” i.e. flagellum) are a broad group of eukaryotes, including both the animal and fungus kingdoms,[1] together with the microorganisms which are sometimes grouped in the paraphyletic phylum Choanozoa (previously assigned to the protist “kingdom”).[2] Both genetic and ultrastructural studies strongly support that opisthokonts form a monophyletic group. “Opisthokonta” and “Fungi/Metazoa group” are sometimes considered synonymous.
A human holding a mushroom; both are opisthokonts, unlike the trees behind them
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota

Flagella

One common characteristic is that flagellate cells, such as most animal sperm and chytrid spores, propel themselves with a single posterior flagellum. This gives the groups its name.

In contrast, flagellate cells in other eukaryote groups propel themselves with one or more anterior flagella.

History

The close relationship between animals and fungi was suggested by Cavalier-Smith in 1987,[4] who used the informal name opisthokonta (the formal name has been used for the chytrids), and was confirmed by later genetic studies.[5]

Early phylogenies placed them near the plants and other groups that have mitochondria with flat cristae, but this character varies.

Cavalier-Smith and Stechmann[6] argue that the uniciliate eukaryotes such as opisthokonts and Amoebozoa, collectively called unikonts, split off from the other biciliate eukaryotes, called bikonts, shortly after they evolved.

Taxonomy

Eukaryota tree

Plantae

Chromalveolata

Amoebozoa

Opisthokonts

Choanozoa

Animalia

Nucleariids

Fungi

The great kingdoms and their stem groups.[7]

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